Zipf's Law, Power Law


  • Jamie Callan, Characteristics of Text.
  • G. R. Turner, Relationship Between Vocabulary, Text Length and Zipf's Law.
  • John Cowan, tanru and lujvo-making. (constructed human language)
  • 北村博, Zipfの法則とtextの情報量, 情報処理学会研究報告, NL-052-002, 1985.
  • Koichi Ejiri, Adolph E. Smith, Proposal of a New `Constraint Measure' for Text, in Reinhard Köhler, Burghard B. Rieger (Eds.) Contributions to Quantitative Linguistics, pp. 195-211, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993.
  • Wentian Li, Random Texts Exhibit Zipf's-Law-Like Word Frequency Distribution.
  • Alexander Gelbukh, Grigori Sidorov, Zipf and Heaps Laws’ Coefficients Depend on Language, in Proceedings of Conference on Intelligent Text Processing and Computational Linguistics (Notes in Computer Science 2004), 2001.
  • Nobuhide Kitabayashi, Zipf's Law Obtained from a Fixed Point in a Transition in the Processes of Learning a Language, Biomedical Fuzzy and Human Sciences, Volume 6, Number 1, pp. 35-40, 2000.
  • Ramon Ferrer i Cancho, Ricard V. Solé, Least effort and the origins of scaling in human language, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA. 100, pp. 788-791, 2003.


社会, 経済

Human behavior
  • Robert Wray et. al., Power Law of Practice.
  • 奥乃博, 画面エディタEmacsのユーザ特性について, 情報処理学会第25回プログラミングシンポジウム.



理論, モデル